In today’s digital age, it’s more important than ever to take steps to protect yourself from cyber threats. From viruses and malware to phishing scams and identity theft, there are a host of risks that can compromise your personal information and wreak havoc on your devices. That’s why practicing good cyber hygiene is essential to protecting your digital life.

What is cyber hygiene?

Cyber ​​hygiene refers to the set of practices and measures you can take to maintain your digital security and protect yourself from cyber threats. Just as personal hygiene practices such as hand washing and brushing your teeth help prevent the spread of germs and disease, cyber hygiene practices help prevent the spread of malware, viruses and cyber attacks.

Here are some key cyber hygiene practices you can adopt to protect yourself:

  1. Keep your software and operating system up to date

Software and operating systems are regularly updated to patch vulnerabilities and address security issues. Keeping your devices up to date with the latest security patches and updates is one of the most important things you can do to protect yourself from cyber threats. Be sure to turn on automatic updates so you don’t have to worry about keeping them up.

  1. Use strong and unique passwords

Using strong and unique passwords for all your online accounts is essential to prevent unauthorized access. A strong password should be at least 12 characters long and include a mix of upper and lower case letters, numbers and symbols. Avoid using common words, phrases or personal information that can be guessed or easily found online. Consider using a password manager to generate and store your passwords securely.

  1. Enable two-factor authentication

Two-factor authentication adds an extra layer of security to your online accounts by requiring a second form of verification in addition to your password. This can be a code sent to your phone or a fingerprint scan. Enabling two-factor authentication wherever possible can help prevent unauthorized access even if your password is compromised.

  1. Be wary of suspicious links and downloads

Phishing scams are a common tactic used by cybercriminals to trick you into giving out your personal information. They often include a link or attachment that, when clicked, can install malware or take you to a fake login page. Be wary of links and downloads from unknown sources and never provide personal information unless you are sure it is legitimate.

  1. Back up your data regularly

Backing up your important files and data is essential to prevent loss in the event of a cyber attack or device failure. Be sure to regularly back up your data to an external hard drive or cloud-based service. That way, even if your device is compromised, you can still recover your data.

  1. Use anti-virus and anti-malware software

Anti-virus and anti-malware software can help detect and remove malicious programs from your devices. Make sure you use reputable software and keep it up to date to ensure you are protected from the latest threats.

  1. Stay protected while connected

Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) for remote workers is the best way to protect networks. A VPN creates a secure connection that encrypts information so that it is hidden while in transit. This connection makes it more difficult for attackers to view and access data.

VPNs are essential when accessing sensitive data such as personally identifiable information (such as social security numbers) or protected health information, especially when using public wi-fi networks. In today’s hybrid workplace, VPNs are essential to protect against suspicious activity.

In conclusion, cyber hygiene is an essential part of protecting your digital life. By adopting these practices, you can minimize the risk of becoming a victim of cyberattacks and ensure that your personal information remains secure. Remember, a little effort now can save you a lot of trouble in the long run.


This educational text was prepared with the financial support of the European Union. The contents of this text are the sole responsibility of the authors and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

The project “Increasing Civic Engagement in the Digital Agenda – ICEDA” is implemented by the Metamorphosis Foundation (North Macedonia), e-Government Academy (Estonia), Levizja Mjaft! (Albania), Partners for Democratic Change (Serbia), NGO 35mm (Montenegro) and ODK – Open Data Kosovo (Kosovo). The project is implemented with financial support from the European Union.