Propaganda, false narratives, misinformation – the harmful effects of Kremlin influence in North Macedonia, Primer of media articles

For democracy to be sustainable and functional, it is necessary not only inclusive and active citizenship but also a well-informed public, which enables quality decision-making based on knowledge. In contrast, freedoms of expression and the media are threatened by a wave of disinformation that is part of populist authoritarian propaganda from domestic and foreign sources.

The “ Anti-Disinformation Hub: Exposing Malign Influences through Watchdog Journalism” project aims to expose the main propaganda claims that deny the existence of harmful foreign influences in the Republic of North Macedonia aimed at undermining democracy. It is part of the ongoing efforts of the Metamorphosis Foundation and a network of media, investigative journalists, and analysts to document the situation and unmask the disinformation by providing evidence of the factual situation. The Primer “Propaganda, false narratives, disinformation – the harmful effects of the Kremlin influence in N. Macedonia” is a selection of created public records based on a transparent methodological approach for fact-checking that refutes the central principles of anti-democratic and populist propaganda.


During the last quarter of 2023, various external actors continued to target the societies of Western Balkans with disinformation and related manipulation tactics, through a range of influence operations by various authoritarian forces, to hybrid warfare by Russia. This monitoring report presents an overview of key disinformation trends affecting Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, […]

Compendium: “Manipulating the Public Discourse: Disinformation and Propaganda”

The compendium, “Manipulating the public discourse: Disinformation and Propaganda,” is an essential compilation for those seeking to understand and navigate the complex landscape of disinformation that has proliferated in recent years. It brings together a diverse array of texts, fact-checking articles, in-depth analyses, and reviews covering 2023. The year was marked by significant global and […]

“Error 403: Identity Forbidden

“Error 403: Identity Forbidden” is an analytical report on the prevailing conversation on social media regarding North Macedonia’s accesion to European Union and NATO membership. Research conducted by Metamorphosis Foundation as part of IRI’s Beacon Project from November 2023 to January 2024 indicates that the issues of integration of North Macedonia in the European Union […]