The effect of disinformation and foreign influences on the democratic processes in North Macedonia in 2023

In 2023, the creation and dissemination of disinformation were recognized not only as a media, but also as a security
problem which disrupts the functioning of democratic institutions and the media sphere, posing enormous risks to
society as a whole and jeopardizing fundamental human rights – from personal security and health to various freedoms.
After the full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2021, there was a global shift in the perception of the significance of this
problem, which was previously ignored or minimized. Unfortunately, substantial investments by anti-democratic actors
continued to strengthen the influence of disinformation, along with conspiracy theories and various forms of propaganda
and political manipulation.

Metamorphosis Foundation conducted this research with support from the global network defending and promoting
free expression, IFEX, as part of the comprehensive efforts aimed at exposing the impact of foreign propaganda in the
Republic of North Macedonia. Through public education, the goal is to strengthen the capacity of key stakeholders
(civil organizations and activists, media and journalists, state institutions, and decision-makers) to actively participate in
building resilience against harmful anti-democratic influences.


During the last quarter of 2023, various external actors continued to target the societies of Western Balkans with disinformation and related manipulation tactics, through a range of influence operations by various authoritarian forces, to hybrid warfare by Russia. This monitoring report presents an overview of key disinformation trends affecting Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, […]

Compendium: “Manipulating the Public Discourse: Disinformation and Propaganda”

The compendium, “Manipulating the public discourse: Disinformation and Propaganda,” is an essential compilation for those seeking to understand and navigate the complex landscape of disinformation that has proliferated in recent years. It brings together a diverse array of texts, fact-checking articles, in-depth analyses, and reviews covering 2023. The year was marked by significant global and […]

“Error 403: Identity Forbidden

“Error 403: Identity Forbidden” is an analytical report on the prevailing conversation on social media regarding North Macedonia’s accesion to European Union and NATO membership. Research conducted by Metamorphosis Foundation as part of IRI’s Beacon Project from November 2023 to January 2024 indicates that the issues of integration of North Macedonia in the European Union […]