Cyber-security and Human Rights in North Macedonia and the Western Balkans: Mapping governance and actors

“A human-centric approach to defining cybersecurity means a focus not only on securing networks and services but also on how these networks and services can be used safely by all members of society.”

This publication focuses on mapping cybersecurity-related human rights opportunities and challenges in North Macedonia, which represents an area that is under-explored in the Western Balkan region. The study as a whole, aims to offer recommendations for the inclusion of human rights standards in cybersecurity governance and for better implementation of cybersecurity norms within the human rights frameworks of the country.

The whole research is available here. It is composed of six chapters in total, one for each economy in the Western Balkans. Each begins with essential conceptual background information regarding the cybersecurity and human rights contexts of each economy. They then each explore four core thematic issues: cybersecurity and the right to privacy, cybersecurity and freedom of expression, cybersecurity and freedom of peaceful assembly (and, where relevant, freedom of association), and cybersecurity and anti-discrimination. Finally, they present ways forward, with concrete recommendations for stakeholders.

The study for North Macedonia was executed by Metamorphosis Foundation with the support and guidance of DCAF – Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance, within the project “Good Governance in Cybersecurity in the Western Balkans” funded by the UK Government`s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).


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